The best mechanical pencils have a number of advantages over normal wooden pencils. Most notably, they make it easier to achieve a consistently sharp point. That means that whether you’re writing, drawing, sketching or drafting technical diagrams, your work will look cleaner, more accurate, and more professional.

With mechanical pencils, you don’t need a pencil sharpener, because the ‘lead’ (graphite) is placed in a well inside the pencil. As it wears out through use, you click your pencil to keep extending it. Then when it’s all used up, you just need to add a replacement lead. 

mechanical pencils are popular with artists, illustrators, designers, architects and engineers, as well as anyone wanting to write neatly and clearly in graphite

This means that mechanical pencils always produce even, consistent lines. And while wooden pencils get shorter as you sharpen them, mechanical pencils stay the same length. So there’s no messing around with short, stubby pencils, and that helps you to draw, sketch, draft and write more accurately. It also saves you from the mess of pencil shavings, and saves you money over time, because you don’t have to keep buying new pencils.

For all these reasons, mechanical pencils (aka automatic pencils or propelling pencils) are popular with artists, illustrators, designers, architects and engineers, as well as anyone wanting to write neatly and clearly in graphite. Below, you’ll find the best mechanical pencils on the market today. Our list begins with the best pencils for drawing, but if taking notes is more your focus, then jump to the best mechanical pencils for writing

Meanwhile, to further add to your artist kit, check out our guides to the best pencils of all kinds, the best pens for artists, and the best watercolour pencils.

The best mechanical pencils: drawing

The best mechanical pencils for drawing allow you to create measured lines with precision and accuracy. They’re suitable for every type of drawing, from quick sketches to technical drafting, and everything in between. 

For most drawing, a 0.5mm lead is best, but a thick 0.7mm lead can be better for shading, sketching and non-detailed work. For light, detailed marks, meanwhile, you might want to go in the opposite direction, and try an ultra-fine 0.3mm lead.

Below you’ll find best mechanical pencils for all types of drawing. Once you’ve chosen yours, try our favourite pencil drawing techniques to make the most of it.

Product shot of the Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide, one of the best mechanical pencilscb badge

(Image credit: Uni)

01. Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide

The best mechanical pencil for drawing overall.

Specifications

Weight: 18.1g

Dimensions: 19.2 x 10 x 1.6cm

Lead diameter: 0.5mm

Mechanism: Pipe slide

Reasons to buy

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Consistently sharp lead

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Clever design

Reasons to avoid

0.7mm version rare outside Japan

Not the cheapest

With a regular mechanical pencil, the lead wears down on one side, forming a slanted, wedge-shaped tip. This can potentially cause variations in line thickness, although it will still be more consistent than a normal wooden pencil. The Kurutoga Pipe Slide from Japanese brand Uni, however, sidesteps this problem with a clever mechanism that continually rotates the pencil lead as you write. 

A spring-loaded clutch twists the lead a tiny degree every time you lift the pencil from the paper, and this allows for a uniform wearing of the lead, and cleaner and more consistent lines as a result. That essentially makes it self-sharpening. This clever design makes this our pick as the best mechanical pencil for drawing, justifying its broadly higher price.

Product shot of the Pentel 200, one of the best mechanical pencilscb badge

(Image credit: Pentel)

02. Pentel 200

The best cheap mechanical pencil.

Specifications

Weight: 10g

Dimensions: 0.89 x 14 x 0.89cm

Lead diameter: 0.3mm, 0.5mm, 0.7mm, 0.9mm

Mechanism: Push-top button

Reasons to buy

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Value for money

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Good all-rounder

Reasons to avoid

Nothing exciting about it

Included eraser doesn’t last long

The Pentel 200 is a quality pencil that’s expertly engineered for drawing, drafting or writing. Pentel’s top-selling automatic mechanical pencil, each one comes with Super Hi Polymer HB leads and an eraser. The set covers a range of lead thicknesses from 0.3mm to 0.9mm. And the fact that you’re getting four pencils for such a low price represents fantastic value.

A good all-rounder, this will do fine as a main pencil for most people. Yet it’s so affordable you don’t have to worry about losing it, or having someone “borrow” it off your desk when you’re not looking.

Product shot of the Rotring 800, one of the best mechanical pencilscb badge

(Image credit: Rotring )

03. Rotring 800

The best mechanical pencil for sketching.

Specifications

Weight: 90.7g

Dimensions: 5.1 x 15.2 x 0.5cm

Lead diameter: 0.5mm or 0.7mm

Mechanism: Twist and click

Reasons to buy

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High-end engineering

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Luxury feel

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Suitable for professionals

Reasons to avoid

May be overkill for some purposes

Looking for the best mechanical pencil for sketching? Look no further than the Rotring 800. This high-quality pencil gives you precise, consistent lines and has a luxurious feel that makes it perfect for artists and illustrators filling up their sketchbooks. 

Weighing 91g, it’s nice and solid, and feels comfortable in the hand, even for lengthy sessions. Its non-slip metal grip ‘twist and click’ retractable mechanism makes it easy to use, and its hexagonal shape makes it less likely to slide off your desk. 

In short, if you’re serious about your sketching, the Rotring 800 is well worth the money. It comes in two lead thicknesses, 0.5mm and 0.7mm; the latter is great for shading while the former is a good choice for those lighter, more detailed marks. It’s on the pricey side, but we feel it’s definitely worth the extra outlay.

Product shot of the Pentel Graphgear 500 Automatic Drafting Pencil, one of the best mechanical pencils

(Image credit: Pentel )

04. Pentel Graphgear 500 Automatic Drafting Pencil

The best mechanical pencil for drafting.

Specifications

Weight: 22.7g

Dimensions: 0.9 x 14.7 x 0.9cm

Lead diameter: 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 0.9mm

Mechanism: Button

Reasons to buy

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Lightweight but functional

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Wide range of lead diameters

Reasons to avoid

0.3mm lead can be tricky to source

Included eraser not the best

Mechanical pencils are commonly used by architects, engineers and other technical people for precise drafting, and here’s our top recommendation for those purposes. We feel the Pentel Graphgear 500 is the best mechanical pencil for technical drawing, because its weight feels good in the hand, and it’s light enough to be comfortable over long sessions.

As you’d expect, it’s lovely and accurate too. With a 4mm fixed sleeve, metallic-mesh grip and a barrel weighted at your fingertips, this pencil designed to help you draw precisely and stay in full control of the line. It works with a variety of lead thicknesses, and there’s a built-in lead hardness indicator to help you identify your lead type quickly. 

The best mechanical pencils: writing

Not interested in drawing, and seeking the best mechanical pencils for writing instead? Those listed below are all great choices, allowing you to produce clean, consistent lines that make your words look precise and measured. A 0.5mm thickness is generally best, unless you often press hard on the page and break your lead. In which case, a 0.7mm or even 0.9mm thickness might be better. 

Product shot of the Lamy 200, one of the best mechanical pencils

(Image credit: Lamy)

05. LAMY 2000

The best mechanical pencil for writing overall.

Specifications

Weight: 18.1g

Dimensions: 1.2 x 1.2 x 13.7cm

Lead diameter: 0.5 or 0.7mm

Mechanism: Button

Reasons to buy

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Produces smooth, beautiful lines

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Highly durable

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Expect it to last years

Reasons to avoid

May be overkill for some purposes

Based on the well-known fountain pen designed by Gerd A. Müller in 1996, the LAMY 2000 is a true modern classic. It’s comfortable to hold and use, and it produces smooth, consistent handwriting. Its weight of 18.1g, meanwhile, strikes the perfect balance between being light enough to write easily with, but solid enough to feel sturdy. Built to be reliable and durable, this is a pencil you expect to last for years, so while it might cost a bit more than a normal pencil, you will get excellent value over time. 

Product shot of the Uni Kurutoga Roulette, one of the best mechanical pencils

(Image credit: Uni)

06. Uni Kurutoga Roulette

The best value mechanical pencil for writing.

Specifications

Weight: 13.6g

Dimensions: 0.99 x 14.62 x 1.29cm

Lead diameter: 0.5mm

Mechanism: Button

Reasons to buy

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Self-sharpening

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Great value

Reasons to avoid

Included eraser is not great

Lighter than the LAMY 2000

If you want a quality pencil for writing, but can’t stretch to the high price of the LAMY 2000, check out the Uni Kurutoga Roulette, which offer truly excellent value. Its sophisticated design, matching that of the Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide (our number one mechanical pencil for drawing, above), means that it sharpens the lead consistently as you write. 

Such neat features such as self-sharpening gives you an even stroke width that keeps your handwriting effortlessly neat and polished. And more generally, this pencil is comfortable to hold, with a nicely balanced weight and a knurled metal fingerplate for better grip. 

Product shot of the Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil, one of the best mechanical pencils

(Image credit: Pentel )

07. Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil 0.5mm

The best mechanical pencil for professional writing.

Specifications

Weight: 9.07g

Dimensions: 1.9 x 3.2 x 15.2cm

Lead diameter: 0.5mm

Mechanism: Button

Reasons to buy

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Precision engineering

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Lead rarely breaks

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Suitable for professionals

Reasons to avoid

Pencil cap doesn’t fit perfectly

The Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil 0.5mm is another model that offers top quality craftsmanship without breaking the bank. Despite its very reasonable price, this pencil is handcrafted using watchmakers’ tools for precision, beauty and accuracy. 

Specifically, the Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil has a solid tip that means you’ll very rarely, if ever, break the lead. Plus the removable cap makes it super-portable. In short, if you want a mechanical pencil for professional writing, this is our top recommendation. It would equally make a great gift.

How do mechanical pencils work?

With a normal pencil, once the graphite tip (commonly referred to as ‘lead’) has blunted, you need to sharpen it using a pencil sharpener. A mechanical pencil, in contrast, uses an internal spring to push the lead upwards into the barrel, when you press the button at the other end. When the lead has been fully used, you then simply insert a new replacement.

Why are mechanical pencils better than wooden pencils?

The main benefit of mechanical pencils is they don’t need sharpening. This saves you a lot of hassle and mess. More importantly, it means mechanical pencils provide more consistent lines, enabling you to create more precise and accurate drawings, and neater handwriting. The fine lines also tend to be easier to erase. And of course, you don’t have to carry a sharpener with you all the time. 

Why are mechanical pencils more expensive?

Mechanical pencils are generally more expensive than wooden ones, but bear in mind that the latter won’t last very long. As long as you’re happy to keep refilling the lead in a mechanical pencil, which doesn’t cost very much at all, then it should last for years. So if you take the initial cost of a mechanical pencil, and divide that by the number of wooden pencils you’d probably go through over a similar time period, it starts to look like very good value indeed.

What are mechanical pencils used for?

Mechanical pencils are commonly used by professionals involved in technical drafting, such as engineers and architects. Many artists also prefer mechanical pencils, even for more expressive and imaginative work, because the size and weight of the lead remains consistent, whereas a wood pencil gets finer the more you sharpen it. Mechanical pencils are also favoured by anyone wishing to produce neat and elegant handwriting. 

Which mechanical pencil is best for drawing?

The best mechanical pencil for drawing today is the Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide. That’s because it has a clever mechanism that continually rotates the pencil lead as you write. This allows for a uniform wearing of the lead, and cleaner and more consistent lines. The lead is difficult to break, too, saving you stress and reducing the chances that your drawing will be smudged with graphic dust.

Which mechanical pencil is best for writing?

The best mechanical pencil for writing today is the LAMY 2000. Based on the well-known fountain pen of the same name, it’s a light enough to be flexible, but solid enough to feel dependable, and durable enough to last for several years at the very least. And it provides beautifully smooth and precise lines, perfect for anyone whose handwriting needs to be neat and legible.

Is a 0.5 or 0.7 pencil better?

If you wish to draw very fine lines, you’ll want to go for a 0.3mm lead. For writing and most drawing, you’ll probably prefer a 0.5mm lead. A thicker, 0.7mm lead, meanwhile, may be better for sketching and non-detailed drawing. Other sizes are also available for specialist uses.

It’s not just about size, though: also consider the hardness of the lead. A soft lead will be darker and more prone to smudging, while a hard lead is better for leaving light, fine lines. Softness is represented by a number followed by ‘B’; the higher the number, the softer the lead. Hardness is represented by a number followed by ‘H’; the higher the number, the harder the lead. Finally, ‘F’ and ‘HB’ leads lie in the middle..

Why are mechanical pencils banned on SATs?

While mechanical pencils have numerous good qualities, the one disadvantage is that they are often banned for standardised tests. In particular, you must not use a mechanical pencil on the ACT or SAT tests in the United States. 

This is largely because the machines that automatically read these tests are believed to have difficulty picking up the marks made by mechanical pencils. Whether this is actually true or not (either now or in the past) is irrelevant: the ban stands, and so it’s best not to put your score at risk. With any other paper-based tests, it’s always best to check before the day of the test to make sure you don’t fall foul of a similar ban. 

Which mechanical pencil is best for sketching?

The best mechanical pencil for sketching is the Rotring 800. With its high-quality engineering, this model offers a precise instrument and a luxury feel that befits daily use in a professional capacity. The non-slip metal grip ‘twist and click’ retractable mechanism makes it very easy and comfortable to use, even for lengthy sessions. And the hexagonal shape makes it less likely to slide off your desk, or even a slanted surface. 

How do you refill a mechanical pencil?

Mechanical pencils generally have quite different designs, so it’s not always obvious how to refill them with lead. Most of the time, it’s just a matter of screwing the barrel at the end to remove it, inserting a new refill inside and then reassembling the pencil. 

However, if your mechanical pencil has an eraser on the end, just may have to remove the eraser and the refill chamber will be underneath it. Don’t automatically assume this is the case, though! The eraser may be glued to the barrel, in which case you would use the first method. 

Thirdly, other mechanical pencil designs may have a cap at the end which you just pull to remove and the refill chamber will be underneath it. Finally, a fourth type of mechanical pencil is split into two, so you slide the entire back half out before refilling the lead.

If you’re not sure which type of design your mechanical pencil has, then tug just at the cap/eraser/rear half gently at first to see if it comes out. If it doesn’t, then see if anything unscrews with a gentle turning motion. Either way, don’t force it, or you risk breaking your pencil!

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